FEATURES

THE HISTORY OF KUSAMONO

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by ROBERT J. BARAN :: Over the centuries in Asia, various small plants were potted up and displayed in ceramic containers. We know this from paintings in China (since at least the 12th century, first image) and in Japan (since at least the 14th, second image). :::: In Japan, these kusamono (草物, lit. “grass thing,” a term dating only to the early Meiji era, c. 1870s) were originally small herbaceous plants brought in with collected naturally-dwarfed... 

THE HISTORY OF NISHIKI-MATSU BONSAI

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Nisikhi-matsu is one bonsai tree species native to Japan. This pine tree is widely available in Kagawa Perfectur area, but began to be exploited the bonsai in Takamatshu city, especially in Kokobunji township in about 120 years ago. :: Nishiki-Matsu tree :: According to the saga that has been widely known, cultivation of bonsai trees started in Takamatsu during the Edo period, when local people dug up pine trees growing on the coast of the Seto Inland... 

WHY BONSAI DEADWOOD DOMINATE?

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Long enough bonsai with jin and shari (deadwood) dominate competitions at international level, especially in a variety of bonsai photo contest. What phenomenon is this? Indeed … in many countries for national level competitions, classical and natural bonsai is still dominating. In the 3rd US National Bonsai Exhibit for example, from the eight categories are provided, just one tree (San Jose Juniper) with jin/shari who won the title of “Evergreen... 

BEDAH CASCADE ALA BONSAI KOPLAK

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CASCADE CONTROVERSY ::: Bonsai Cascade Style jarang menang di berbagai exhibition. Adakah yang salah? Apakah karena juri kurang bisa mengapresiasinya, atau karena style ini kurang menarik? Sedikitnya empat pohon gaya cascade menerobos kelompok bergengsi The Best Ten pada PamNas PPBI Cirebon, 2013. Ini agak mengejutkan –dan terdengar heroik– mengingat ada ‘stigma’ bonsai cascade style nyaris tak mendapat apresiasi yang layak. SANCANG “Best... 

EKSPOR JEPANG TUMBUH 10 KALI LIPAT

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:::: Ekspor bonsai Jepang dalam satu dekade terakhir ini, tumbuh 10 kali lipat. China, Italy, dan Amerika jadi pembeli paling agresif. Tapi ironisnya, pasar dalam negeri Jepang justru stagnan, jumlah anggota Nippon Bonsai Association turun drastis dari 30.000 orang (2001) menjadi sekitar 7000, ketika Taiwan mulai menggebrak. Untuk tahun lalu (2012) total nilai ekspor bonsai Jepang mencapai angka 670 juta Yen, atau setara dengan 8,4 juta USD –sekitar... 

ORIGINALLY, BONSAI FROM INDIA?

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:::: In the 12th century Bonsai in India was known as Vamanatanu Vrikshadi Vidya (the science of dwarfing trees). In China called Punsai, in Korea called Bunjae, in Japan changed its name into Bonsai. At the century 8-15, when the life expectancy in the earth’s surface down very dramatically, war broke out in almost all parts of the earth. Then came a time when many people are crazy about the metaphysical ruminations. Their beetles imagination... 
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