A MAN, who as a courtier or retired, turned from an elegant social position to be ordinary people who yearn for “Free Life”. That’s the spirit of the early “BUNJIN”.
The spirit of freedom that gave birth to the French Revolution, the western world recognize it as part of a cultural movement that can not be at the weir. Similarly, in the world of bonsai, BUNJIN STYLE is a rebellion against another style that has been establish.
All this is originally from Southern School of Chinese Landscape Painting called “NANGA”. The student painter on this school’s are not a professional artist. Their backgrounds are real scholars of religion, philosophy and art. Inhibited by the rigid formality of their spiritual world, they became wanderers and hermits. They live isolated and living in a hut on the slopes of the mountain, perpetuating themselves to contemplation, run the Buddhist teachings, learn calligraphy, poetry and painting.
Then they started painting the trees that looks unique and rarely exist in nature in their landscape paintings. Their struggle search for freedom, they portray in the form of trees in the magnificent scenery paintings they made. Some trees showed elongated trunk with several branches placed drastically, no one fifth like in nature. Trunk motion reflects the strong lines, sometimes with a radical change in direction, greatly influenced the art of calligraphy, writing brush that is basic human culture.
The “bunjin” style of bonsai is free so it seems to violate all the principles of bonsai form. Variations in style “bunjin” is limited and does not have a specific shape, it is hard to describe. But, however, “bunjin” is a form of bonsai is simple yet attractive and expressive. Undoubtedly, the most obvious characteristic is their unique shape, formed by old age and extreme weather conditions.
Pictures of trees in a landscape painting that Nanga students who inspired the birth of bonsai “Bunjin Style”. A Bonsai Master is confined within strict rules, get caught up in ethics and aesthetics are already well established, rebellious, wanting to escape to the free style. That was the beginning of the “Bunjin Style”.
About two hundred years ago, there were two great artists who try to paint a beautiful Japanese landscape. Master Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) and Master Ando Hiroshige (1797-1858) were both successful in their efforts.
The trees are reflected in their paintings, with trunk motion and irregular branches, crossing each other, would seem to be cluttered and confusing for any other bonsai styles. But ‘extreme and messy’ it is acceptable in “bunjin” style. Sometimes the stem like a formal style, but suddenly against the current branch, crosses the line to slice the stems. But the element that is the hallmark of excess and “Bunjin Style”, can provide dramatic tension and unlimited freedom for the tree.
From this, the bonsai masters learned to lean toward the relaxing simplicity and fascinating style of “Bunjin”.
There is some form of “Bunjin Style” that can be explained. Here it is ….
1. CASUAL JIN
Casual but with a strong bend and shift rod direction. Stems and branches across the container (pot).
2. Elongated JIN
Elongated stems, not balanced, no branches are allowed to grow in the low part of the stem, but there is no curve stability, simplicity and interesting movement on the top or the top of the stem.
3. Factured JIN
Awesome balance. Moreover, with branches bent down nearly almost vertical. Glance unattractive, but his aura was amazing.
4. JIN BRUSH STROKE
Such a strong brush strokes. We can not expect the pot to balance this style, but contrary winds gracefully curved branches and twigs brought back to the trunk, ending with a soft line on the top of the stem approaching.
5. BENDING JIN
Bent and twisted by contrast, drastic but still soft in the line of movement of the trunk and branches.
6. WINDSPWEPT BUNJIN
In anginini blown style, sense of what the main cause distortions in the normal growth pattern of the branches is the direction the wind is blowing.
7. DARUMA BUNJIN
The tree does not intend to grow this way, but it’s the only way to survive. Dharma philosophy and form a genie character of this style, called “Daruma Jin”.
8. FREESTYLE BUNJIN
Some branches, dramatically broken for the motion stems, leaves room looks so airy, completely free-style accents.
9. ABSTRACT BUNJIN
Philosophy born of pure art of calligraphy
10. REVELATION BUNJIN
Bunjin rarely exist in nature, and may come as a revelation. A bonsai grower ever find a tree exactly like the picture in Southern California, USA.
11. PLEASANT BUNJIN
Birds sing with a beautiful rhythm, do not need to understand its meaning. Smooth rhythm line on the trunk, without any reason, means no. Just for fun, that’s the goal.
12. RYUSEI BUNJIN
Out of orbit, shooting star.
13. KANE BUNJIN -NOTE-MATSU
Breaking all the rules, but very caring. Fault ninety degrees to the trunk, the first branch of drift away. Similar quick laulintas lights at a crossroads. Tree (oinus) shaped like this can still be found in the forests of Mount Chiehebu in Japan
14. IKARI BUNJIN
It’s actually a genie for style double or twin trunk tree, philosophy anchor
15. SPROUT BUNJIN
Bunjin with philosophy germinated (sprouts)
16. KASA- BUNJIN ZIKURI
Bunjin for grouping style umbrella
Iwan gajah I Summarized from the book of John Y Naka and several other sources